46 Star Flag
Years Flown: 1908 - 1912
The U.S. flag grew to 46 stars with the addition to the Union of Oklahoma (November 16, 1907). This was the official flag for 4 years.
Politics and Government
November 16, 1907: Oklahoma becomes the 46th U.S. state.
1908: The National Child Labor Committee is formed to address child labor issues and advocate for education and better working conditions for children.
June 25, 1910: The Mann Act is passed, making it illegal to transport women across state lines for "immoral purposes," mainly used to combat human trafficking.
January 6, 1912: New Mexico becomes the 47th state to join the Union.
February 14, 1912: Arizona becomes the 48th state of the United States, marking its admission into the Union.
May 22, 1912: The Indian Citizenship Act grants U.S. citizenship to Native Americans
Science, Technology and Medicine
July 4, 1908: The first Model T Ford is introduced by the Ford Motor Company, revolutionizing the automobile industry and making cars more accessible to the general public.
1909: The Flexner Report is published, leading to significant reforms in medical education and improving the quality of medical schools in the United States.
September 18, 1909: The National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis (now the American Lung Association) is founded, contributing to health education and awareness.
May 23, 1910: The U.S. Congress establishes the U.S. Bureau of Mines to conduct research and provide education to enhance mine safety and efficiency.
June 1, 1910: The first U.S. Navy Submarine, USS H-1, is launched.
August 20, 1911: The first aerial bombing test occurs when the U.S. Army Signal Corps drops bombs from a Wright Model B aircraft over San Antonio, Texas.
October 24, 1911: Orville Wright achieves the first U.S. Navy aircraft contract, marking a significant milestone in the military's adoption of aviation.
April 19, 1909: The U.S. Supreme Court rules in "Meyer v. Nebraska" that states cannot prohibit foreign-language instruction in private schools, preserving educational freedom.
1910: The Shepherd-Towner Act establishes the Children's Bureau, focused on child welfare and maternal health, emphasizing the importance of child development and education.
April 11, 1911: The Supreme Court's decision in "Addams v. Kentucky" upholds compulsory school attendance laws, emphasizing the importance of education for children.
1912: The New York City Teachers' Union is formed, becoming one of the earliest teacher labor organizations in the United States and advocating for better working conditions and education reforms
Arts, Culture and Literature
June 25, 1909: The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) is founded, becoming a prominent civil rights organization.
September 1, 1909: The University of Texas at Austin opens its doors, becoming a significant institution for higher education in Texas and the United States.
1910: The Boy Scouts of America is founded, promoting character development, physical fitness, and practical skills through education and outdoor activities.
March 25, 1911: The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York City leads to the deaths of 146 workers, highlighting the need for improved workplace safety regulations.
March 12, 1912: Juliette Gordon Low, providing educational and character-building opportunities for young girls, founds The Girl Scouts of the USA.
July 10, 1908: The first round-the-world automobile race, known as the Great Race, begins in New York City.
April 15, 1912: The Boston Red Sox play their first game at Fenway Park, their iconic baseball stadium.
International Events (July 4, 1908 - July 3, 1912)
June 30, 1908: A massive explosion, likely caused by a meteoroid or comet, occurs near the Tunguska River in Siberia.
1909: Robert Peary becomes the first person to reach the North Pole, marking a major achievement in Arctic exploration.
1910: Japan officially annexes Korea, ending Korea's sovereignty and leading to tensions in the region
1911: The Chinese Revolution begins, leading to the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty and the establishment of the Republic of China.
1911: The Second Moroccan Crisis arises as tensions between European powers, particularly Germany and France, escalate over influence in Morocco.
February 18, 1911: The first official flight of the Royal Australian Air Force occurs in New South Wales.
July 11, 1911: The Council of Ministers in Italy resigns in the wake of the Libyan War.
August 20, 1911: The Mona Lisa is stolen from the Louvre Museum in Paris and recovered in 1913.
October 14, 1911: The Wuchang Uprising marks the beginning of the Xinhai Revolution in China.
December 14, 1911: Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen becomes the first person to reach the South Pole.
April 15, 1912: The RMS Titanic sinks after hitting an iceberg on its maiden voyage.
1912: The Treaty of Fez establishes French and Spanish protectorates in Morocco, further complicating the colonial landscape in North Africa.
1912: The First Balkan War concludes with the Treaty of London, redrawing territorial boundaries and solidifying shifts in power in the Balkan region.